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  • Scleral Buckling Surgery for Retinal Detachment

    Scleral buckling surgery is a common way to treat retinal detachment. It is a method of closing breaks and flattening the retina. A scleral buckle is a piece of silicone sponge, rubber, or semi-hard plastic that your eye doctor ( ophthalmologist) places on the outside of the eye (the sclera,...

  • Pneumatic Retinopexy for Retinal Detachment

    Pneumatic retinopexy is a surgery to repair certain types of retinal detachments. It is usually an outpatient procedure, which means you don't need to stay in the hospital. Before surgery, your eye is numbed with local anesthesia. Then the eye doctor ( ophthalmologist) injects a gas bubble into the middle...

  • Retinal Detachment

    What is retinal detachment? Retinal detachment is an eye problem that happens when the retina, a thin membrane of nerve tissue that lines the back of the eye, comes off (detaches). The nerve cells in the retina normally detect light entering the eye and send signals to the brain about...

  • Amylase Test

    An amylase test measures the amount of this enzyme in a sample of blood taken from a vein or in a sample of urine. Normally, only low levels of amylase are found in the blood or urine. But if the pancreas or salivary glands become damaged or blocked, more amylase...

  • Complications of Paget's Disease

    Paget's disease can cause complications such as: Osteoarthritis. Paget's disease can damage the bone around a joint. This can cause the cartilage in the joint to weaken and break down, which leads to arthritis. Many people feel bone or joint pain before they are diagnosed with Paget's disease and osteoarthritis.

  • Multiple Sclerosis: Mental and Emotional Problems

  • HIV Infection in Health Professionals

    Health professionals are not considered at high risk for HIV infection, because they use protection (such as gloves, masks, and goggles) when dealing with blood or body fluids. The chances of becoming infected after being stuck or cut with an instrument that is contaminated with HIV-infected blood are about 1...

  • Ways HIV Cannot Be Spread

    HIV does not survive well outside the body. HIV cannot be spread from one person to another in any of the following ways: Casual contact In studies of hundreds of households in which families have lived with and cared for people who have AIDS, including situations in which no one...

  • Multiple Sclerosis: Questions About What to Expect

    Finding out that you have multiple sclerosis (MS) can be frightening. Even if you know a lot about MS, it is hard to predict how the disease will affect you. Some questions you might ask include the following: Will I have to use a wheelchair? MS affects how nerves in...

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    What is cystic fibrosis (CF)? Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a common genetic disease that causes mucus in the body to become thick and sticky. The mucus builds up and causes problems in many of the body's organs, especially the lungs and the pancreas. People who have CF can have serious...


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